Donor-Specific Regulatory T Cell-Mediated Immune Tolerance in an Intrahepatic Murine Allogeneic Islet Transplantation Model with Short-Term Anti-CD154 mAb Single Treatment

Seok Joo Lee, Hyun Je Kim, Na Ri Byun, Chung Gyu Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Anti-CD154 blockade-based regimens remain unequaled in prolonging graft survival in various organ transplantation models. Several studies have focused on transplantation tolerance with the anti-CD154 blockade, but none of these studies has investigated the mechanisms associated with its use as the sole treatment in animal models, delaying our understanding of anti-CD154 blockade-mediated immune tolerance. The purpose of this study was to investigate the mechanism underlying the anti-CD154 monoclonal antibody (mAb) blockade in inducing immune tolerance using an intrahepatic murine allogeneic islet transplantation model. Allogeneic BALB/c AnHsd (BALB/c) islets were infused into the liver of diabetic C57BL/6 (B6) mice via the cecal vein. Anti-CD154 mAb (MR1) was administered on -1, 0, 1, 3, 5, and 7 d posttransplantation at 0.5 mg per mouse. We showed that short-term MR1 monotherapy could prolong the allogeneic islet grafts to more than 250 d in the murine intrahepatic islet transplantation model. The second islet grafts transplanted under the kidney capsule of the recipients were protected from rejection. We also found that rejection of same-donor skin grafts transplanted to the tolerant mice was modestly delayed. Using a DEREG mouse model, FoxP3+ regulatory T (Treg) cells were shown to play important roles in transplantation tolerance. In mixed lymphocyte reactions, Treg cells from the tolerant mice showed more potency in suppressing BALB/c splenocyte-stimulated Teff cell proliferation than those from naïve mice. In this study, we demonstrated for the first time that a short-term anti-CD154 mAb single treatment could induce FoxP3+ Treg cell-mediated immune tolerance in the intrahepatic murine allogeneic islet transplantation model.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)963689720913876
JournalCell transplantation
Volume29
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

Keywords

  • anti-CD154 mAb (MR1)
  • immune tolerance
  • islet transplantation
  • liver
  • regulatory T cell

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