Does the prognostic nutritional index have a predictive role in the outcomes of adult cardiac surgery?

Seok In Lee, Kwang Pil Ko, Chang Hyu Choi, Chul Hyun Park, Kook Yang Park, Kuk Hui Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Malnutrition is known to affect postoperative outcomes, but only a limited number of assessment methods are available for evaluating nutritional status before cardiac surgery. The purpose of this study was to investigate the clinical significance of the prognostic nutritional index for adult patients undergoing cardiac surgery. Methods: We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of 374 patients aged more than 18 years who underwent cardiac surgery with cardiopulmonary bypass. Patients were divided into 2 groups based on the cutoff prognostic nutritional index, and these groups were compared with respect to early morbidity and mortality rates, intensive care unit stays, and long-term outcomes. Logistic regression analyses were performed to identify the risk factors of early outcomes. Results: The calculated cutoff value of the prognostic nutritional index was 46.13. Early mortality and morbidity were significantly more common in the high-risk group (9.0% vs 2.9%: P = .02, 58.0% vs 42.0%: P = .01). The median duration of mechanical ventilation support (18.0 vs 16.0 hours: P < .01) and intensive care unit stays (3.0 vs 2.0 days: P < .01) were also longer in the high-risk group. However, no significant intergroup difference was observed for the long-term clinical outcomes. Multivariate analysis showed that the prognostic nutritional index, age, cardiopulmonary bypass time, and aortic crossclamp time independently predicted early outcomes. Of these, only the prognostic nutritional index and age were significant preoperative variables (P = .01 and P < .01). Conclusions: The prognostic nutritional index may be a useful preoperative nutrition screening tool for predicting the early clinical outcomes of adult patients after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)145-153.e3
JournalJournal of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery
Volume160
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cardiac surgery
  • complication
  • nutrition
  • screening

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