Although the use of sheep in total artificial heart (TAH) implantation has many advantages, they are known to show a significant morbidity rate on cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB); this has been considered to be a major limiting factor in using them for TAH experiments. We conducted a series of ovine CPB experiments to evaluate the sheep's pathophysiological response to CPB. CPB-related hemolysis, bleeding, and lung dysfunction were analyzed in 5 sheep, which had undergone CPB, used at our hospital for TAH implantation. Four of the 5 sheep survived the experimental procedures, and 3 of them survived on a long-term basis. Unacceptable degrees of hemolysis related to CPB were not observed. Postoperative bleeding was not remarkable, and coagulation test results did not show significant abnormal findings. Acute lung injuries of a mild to moderate degree were found mainly at the microscopic level, but rarely had clinical significance. In conclusion, this experiment suggests that sheep can be used for the animal model for TAH implantation with acceptable risk on CPB circuits and techniques are used.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)154-159
Number of pages6
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number2
StatePublished - 12 Mar 1997


  • animal model
  • cardiopulmonary bypass
  • sheep
  • total artificial heart implantation

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