Dissecting the genetic architecture of suicide attempt and repeated attempts in Korean patients with bipolar disorder using polygenic risk scores

Dongbin Lee, Ji Hyun Baek, Kyooseob Ha, Eun Young Cho, Yujin Choi, So Yung Yang, Ji Sun Kim, Yunji Cho, Hong Hee Won, Kyung Sue Hong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Bipolar disorder (BD) has the greatest suicide risk among mental and physical disorders. A recent genome-wide association study (GWAS) of European ancestry (EUR) samples revealed that the genetic etiology of suicide attempt (SA) was not only polygenic but also, in part, diagnosis-specific. The authors aimed to examine whether the polygenic risk score (PRS) for SA derived from that study is associated with SA or repeated attempts in Korean patients with BD. This study also investigated the shared heritability of SA and mental disorders which showed an increased risk of SA and a high genetic correlation with BD. Methods: The study participants were 383 patients with BD. The history of SA was assessed on a lifetime basis. PRSs for reference disorders were calculated using the aforementioned GWAS data for SA and the Psychiatric Genomics Consortium data of BD, schizophrenia, major depressive disorder (MDD), and obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD). Results: The PRS for SA was significantly associated with lifetime SA in the current subjects (Nagelkerke’s R2 = 2.73%, odds ratio [OR] = 1.36, p = 0.007). Among other PRSs, only the PRS for OCD was significantly associated with lifetime SA (Nagelkerke’s R2 = 2.72%, OR = 1.36, p = 0.007). The PRS for OCD was higher in multiple attempters than in single attempters (Nagelkerke’s R2 = 4.91%, OR = 1.53, p = 0.043). Conclusion: The PRS for SA derived from EUR data was generalized to SA in Korean patients with BD. The PRS for OCD seemed to affect repeated attempts. Genetic studies on suicide could benefit from focusing on specific psychiatric diagnoses and refined sub-phenotypes, as well as from utilizing multiple PRSs for related disorders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3
JournalInternational Journal of Bipolar Disorders
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Bipolar disorder
  • Obsessive–compulsive disorder
  • Polygenic risk score
  • Repeated attempts
  • Suicide attempt

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