The nucleotide sequences (310 bp) of the groEL gene, which encode the 60-kDa heat shock protein GroEL from 31 reference strains of Borrelia were determined and compared. More than 92.3% similarity was observed among Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato strains. In the phylogenetic tree constructed with the maximum-likelihood method, each species of B. burgdorferi sensu lato was differentiated as a distinct entity. We developed polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphism analysis using a specific single amino acid variation [N213 (AAT)→S (AGC or AGT)] between B. burgdorferi sensu stricto strains and the other B. burgdorferi sensu lato strains. These results showed that the groEL gene is useful for differentiation of B. burgdorferi sensu lato.
- B. burgdorferi sensu lato
- GroEL gene