Differential PI(4,5)P 2 sensitivities of TRPC4, C5 homomeric and TRPC1/4, C1/5 heteromeric channels

Juyeon Ko, Jongyun Myeong, Young Cheul Shin, Insuk So

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Transient receptor potential canonical (TRPC) 4 and TRPC5 channels are modulated by the Gα q -PLC pathway. Since phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PI(4,5)P 2 ) maintains TRPC4 and TRPC5 channel function, the Gα q -PLC pathway inhibits channel activity by depleting PI(4,5)P 2 . Here we investigated the difference in PI(4,5)P 2 sensitivity between homomeric and heteromeric TRPC channels. First, by using a Danio rerio voltage-sensing phosphatase (DrVSP), we show that PI(4,5)P 2 dephosphorylation robustly inhibits TRPC4α, TRPC4β, and TRPC5 homotetramer currents and also TRPC1/4α, TRPC1/4β, and TRPC1/5 heterotetramer currents. Secondly, sensitivity of channels to PI(4,5)P 2 dephosphorylation was suggested through the usage of FRET in combination with patch clamping. The sensitivity increased in the sequence TRPC4β < TRPC4α < TRPC5 in homotetramers, whereas when forming heterotetramers with TRPC1, the sensitivity was approximately equal between the channels. Thirdly, we determined putative PI(4,5)P 2 binding sites based on a TRPC4 prediction model. By neutralization of basic residues, we identified putative PI(4,5)P 2 binding sites because the mutations reduced FRET to a PI(4,5)P 2 sensor and reduced the current amplitude. Therefore, one functional TRPC4 has 8 pockets with the two main binding regions; K419, K664/R511, K518, H630. We conclude that TRPC1 channel function as a regulator in setting PI(4,5)P 2 affinity for TRPC4 and TRPC5 that changes PI(4,5)P 2 sensitivity.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1849
Pages (from-to)1849
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 12 Feb 2019

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