Differential change in the prevalence of the ascaris, trichuris and clonorchis infection among past east asian populations

Xiaoya Zhan, Hui Yuan Yeh, Dong Hoon Shin, Jong Yil Chai, Min Seo, Piers D. Mitchell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

As we learn more about parasites in ancient civilizations, data becomes available that can be used to see how infection may change over time. The aim of this study is to assess how common certain intestinal parasites were in China and Korea in the past 2000 years, and make comparisons with prevalence data from the 20th century. This allows us to go on to investigate how and why changes in parasite prevalence may have occurred at different times. Here we show that Chinese liver fluke (Clonorchis sinensis) dropped markedly in prevalence in both Korea and China earlier than did roundworm (Ascaris lumbricoides) and whipworm (Trichuris trichiura). We use historical evidence to determine why this was the case, exploring the role of developing sanitation infrastructure, changing use of human feces as crop fertilizer, development of chemical fertilizers, snail control programs, changing dietary preferences, and governmental public health campaigns during the 20th century.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)601-605
Number of pages5
JournalKorean Journal of Parasitology
Volume57
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2019

Keywords

  • China
  • Chinese liver fluke
  • History
  • Korea
  • Mummy
  • Paleoparasitology
  • Roundworm
  • Whipworm

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