Differences in Comorbidities and Clinical Burden of Severe Bronchopulmonary Dysplasia Based on Disease Severity

Hye Rim Kim, Young Hwa Jung, Beyong Il Kim, So Young Kim, Chang Won Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: The present study compared baseline characteristics, comorbidities and clinical burden of pre-term infants with type 1 and 2 severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) Collaborative classification. Methods: This study was a prospective cohort study of pre-term (<32 weeks) very-low-birth-weight infants. Severe BPD was divided into type 1 severe BPD requiring of ≥30% oxygen and/or non-invasive ventilation at 36 weeks post-menstrual age (PMA), and type 2 severe BPD requiring invasive mechanical ventilation at 36 weeks PMA. Baseline characteristics, comorbidities, and clinical burden were compared between these two types of severe BPD. Results: Of the 1,328 infants included, 983 (74.0%) developed type 1 severe BPD, and 345 (26.0%) developed type 2 severe BPD. Lower birth weight, small for gestational age, lesser maternal pre-mature rupture of membrane, lower 5-min Apgar score, air leak, pulmonary hemorrhage, surgical ligation of patent ductus arteriosus, necrotizing enterocolitis, and late-onset sepsis were significantly associated with type 2 severe BPD. Compared with infants with type 1 severe BPD, infants with type 2 severe BPD had an increased risk of mortality (aOR 18.64, 95% CI 10.81–32.13), pulmonary hypertension (aOR 2.16, 95% CI 1.59–2.93), and tracheostomy (aOR 10.38, 95% CI 2.05–52.49). Conclusions: Our data highlight the substantially greater mortality and clinical burden in infants with type 2 severe BPD than infants with type 1 severe BPD. A comprehensive and multidisciplinary approach is needed for infants with type 2 severe BPD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number664033
JournalFrontiers in Pediatrics
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - 2 Jul 2021

Keywords

  • comorbidities of pre-maturity
  • neonatology
  • pre-term infants
  • severe bronchopulmonary dysplasia
  • very low birth weight

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