Development of deep learning-assisted overscan decision algorithm in low-dose chest CT: Application to lung cancer screening in Korean National CT accreditation program

Sihwan Kim, Woo Kyoung Jeong, Jin Hwa Choi, Jong Hyo Kim, Minsoo Chun

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We propose a deep learning-assisted overscan decision algorithm in chest low-dose computed tomography (LDCT) applicable to the lung cancer screening. The algorithm reflects the radiologists' subjective evaluation criteria according to the Korea institute for accreditation of medical imaging (KIAMI) guidelines, where it judges whether a scan range is beyond landmarks' criterion. The algorithm consists of three stages: deep learning-based landmark segmentation, rule-based logical operations, and overscan determination. A total of 210 cases from a single institution (internal data) and 50 cases from 47 institutions (external data) were utilized for performance evaluation. Area under the receiver operating characteristic (AUROC), accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, and Cohen's kappa were used as evaluation metrics. Fisher's exact test was performed to present statistical significance for the overscan detectability, and univariate logistic regression analyses were performed for validation. Furthermore, an excessive effective dose was estimated by employing the amount of overscan and the absorbed dose to effective dose conversion factor. The algorithm presented AUROC values of 0.976 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.925-0.987) and 0.997 (95% CI: 0.800-0.999) for internal and external dataset, respectively. All metrics showed average performance scores greater than 90% in each evaluation dataset. The AI-assisted overscan decision and the radiologist's manual evaluation showed a statistically significance showing a p-value less than 0.001 in Fisher's exact test. In the logistic regression analysis, demographics (age and sex), data source, CT vendor, and slice thickness showed no statistical significance on the algorithm (each p-value > 0.05). Furthermore, the estimated excessive effective doses were 0.02 ± 0.01 mSv and 0.03 ± 0.05 mSv for each dataset, not a concern within slight deviations from an acceptable scan range. We hope that our proposed overscan decision algorithm enables the retrospective scan range monitoring in LDCT for lung cancer screening program, and follows an as low as reasonably achievable (ALARA) principle.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0275531
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume17
Issue number9 September
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2022

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Development of deep learning-assisted overscan decision algorithm in low-dose chest CT: Application to lung cancer screening in Korean National CT accreditation program'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this