Determination of Aneurysm Volume Critical for Stability After Coil Embolization: A Retrospective Study of 3530 Aneurysms

Hyun Ho Choi, Su Hwan Lee, Eung Koo Yeon, Dong Hyun Yoo, Young Dae Cho, Won Sang Cho, Jeong Eun Kim, Young Je Son, Moon Hee Han, Hyun Seung Kang

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Background: Recurrence is one of the concerns even after successful endovascular treatment of intracranial aneurysms. We sought to determine the critical aneurysm volume and risk factors related to aneurysmal stability in patients undergoing coil embolization of intracranial aneurysms. Methods: Aneurysm volume and follow-up imaging data were retrieved in 3042 patients with 3530 aneurysms who were treated with endovascular coil embolization from January 2006 to October 2016. We analyzed the anatomic outcome in relation to aneurysm volume and determined the critical aneurysm volume favoring coil embolization. Results: Recanalization rates were 2.8%, 6.3%, 19.4%, and 67.4% in each group with aneurysm volume of <10, 10–100, 100–1000, and >1000 mm3, respectively. When we investigated the 100–1000 mm3 group, the recanalization rate remarkably increased at 500 mm3 (16.4% vs. 57.5%, P < 0.0001; odds ratio [OR], 6.968; 95% confidence interval [CI], 3.562–13.631). In the entire cohort, recanalization rates were significantly different between aneurysm volume of <500 and >500 mm3 (7.2% vs. 62.9%, respectively; P < 0.0001; OR, 21.848; 95% CI, 13.944–34.235). In aneurysm volumes of >500 mm3, the location was a significant prognostic factor for long-term stability (posterior circulation vs. anterior circulation; OR, 4.737; 95% CI, 1.275–17.602; P = 0.020). Conclusions: In our series of cerebral aneurysms treated with coil embolization, 500 mm3 was found to be the critical volume determining stability after coil embolization. Large volume aneurysms in the posterior circulation were especially prone to recanalization after coiling.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e766-e774
JournalWorld Neurosurgery
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Aneurysm size
  • Aneurysm volume
  • Coil embolization
  • Recurrence
  • Stability

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