Definition of the snoring episode index based on the analyses of snoring parameters and the apnea hypopnea index

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Abstract

Although snoring is the most common subjective symptom in obstructive sleep apnea (OSA), an international consensus on the definition of snoring is lacking. This study aimed to define snoring by analyzing correlations between snoring parameters and the apnea hypopnea index (AHI). We retrospectively analyzed the polysomnography data of patients with OSA. A snoring event was defined when airflow pressure was > 200 microbar. We included four snoring parameters. Snoring percentage was defined as the cumulative time of snoring events divided by total sleep time. A snoring episode was defined as the occurrence of ≥ 3 consecutive snoring events, and the snoring episode index was defined as the number of snoring episodes per hour. The average and longest durations of snoring episodes were also investigated. The study enrolled 5035 patients. Their mean AHI was 26.5/h and the mean snoring episode index was 19.2/h. Although the four snoring parameters showed significant correlations with the AHI, the snoring episode index showed the strongest positive correlation with the AHI (r = 0.741, P < 0.001). The snoring episode index may be used as a definition of snoring from the perspective of a highly positive correlation with the AHI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number6761
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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