Deep learning–based automated detection algorithm for active pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiographs: diagnostic performance in systematic screening of asymptomatic individuals

Jong Hyuk Lee, Sunggyun Park, Eui Jin Hwang, Jin Mo Goo, Woo Young Lee, Sangho Lee, Hyungjin Kim, Jason R. Andrews, Chang Min Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: Performance of deep learning–based automated detection (DLAD) algorithms in systematic screening for active pulmonary tuberculosis is unknown. We aimed to validate DLAD algorithm for detection of active pulmonary tuberculosis and any radiologically identifiable relevant abnormality on chest radiographs (CRs) in this setting. Methods: We performed out-of-sample testing of a pre-trained DLAD algorithm, using CRs from 19.686 asymptomatic individuals (ages, 21.3 ± 1.9 years) as part of systematic screening for tuberculosis between January 2013 and July 2018. Area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) for diagnosis of tuberculosis and any relevant abnormalities were measured. Accuracy measures including sensitivities, specificities, positive predictive values (PPVs), and negative predictive values (NPVs) were calculated at pre-defined operating thresholds (high sensitivity threshold, 0.16; high specificity threshold, 0.46). Results: All five CRs from four individuals with active pulmonary tuberculosis were correctly classified as having abnormal findings by DLAD with specificities of 0.959 and 0.997, PPVs of 0.006 and 0.068, and NPVs of both 1.000 at high sensitivity and high specificity thresholds, respectively. With high specificity thresholds, DLAD showed comparable diagnostic measures with the pooled radiologists (p values > 0.05). For the radiologically identifiable relevant abnormality (n = 28), DLAD showed an AUC value of 0.967 (95% confidence interval, 0.938–0.996) with sensitivities of 0.821 and 0.679, specificities of 0.960 and 0.997, PPVs of 0.028 and 0.257, and NPVs of both 0.999 at high sensitivity and high specificity thresholds, respectively. Conclusions: In systematic screening for tuberculosis in a low-prevalence setting, DLAD algorithm demonstrated excellent diagnostic performance, comparable with the radiologists in the detection of active pulmonary tuberculosis. Key Points: • Deep learning–based automated detection algorithm detected all chest radiographs with active pulmonary tuberculosis with high specificities and negative predictive values in systematic screening. • Deep learning–based automated detection algorithm had comparable diagnostic measures with the radiologists for detection of active pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiographs. • For the detection of radiologically identifiable relevant abnormalities on chest radiographs, deep learning–based automated detection algorithm showed excellent diagnostic performance in systematic screening.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1069-1080
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Radiology
Volume31
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Deep learning
  • Diagnosis, computer-assisted
  • Mass screening
  • Radiography
  • Tuberculosis

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deep learning–based automated detection algorithm for active pulmonary tuberculosis on chest radiographs: diagnostic performance in systematic screening of asymptomatic individuals'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this