Deep learning enables reference-free isotropic super-resolution for volumetric fluorescence microscopy

Hyoungjun Park, Myeongsu Na, Bumju Kim, Soohyun Park, Ki Hean Kim, Sunghoe Chang, Jong Chul Ye

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Volumetric imaging by fluorescence microscopy is often limited by anisotropic spatial resolution, in which the axial resolution is inferior to the lateral resolution. To address this problem, we present a deep-learning-enabled unsupervised super-resolution technique that enhances anisotropic images in volumetric fluorescence microscopy. In contrast to the existing deep learning approaches that require matched high-resolution target images, our method greatly reduces the effort to be put into practice as the training of a network requires only a single 3D image stack, without a priori knowledge of the image formation process, registration of training data, or separate acquisition of target data. This is achieved based on the optimal transport-driven cycle-consistent generative adversarial network that learns from an unpaired matching between high-resolution 2D images in the lateral image plane and low-resolution 2D images in other planes. Using fluorescence confocal microscopy and light-sheet microscopy, we demonstrate that the trained network not only enhances axial resolution but also restores suppressed visual details between the imaging planes and removes imaging artifacts.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3297
JournalNature Communications
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2022


Dive into the research topics of 'Deep learning enables reference-free isotropic super-resolution for volumetric fluorescence microscopy'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this