Deep learning-based decision support system for the diagnosis of neoplastic gallbladder polyps on ultrasonography: Preliminary results

Younbeom Jeong, Jung Hoon Kim, Hee Dong Chae, Sae Jin Park, Jae Seok Bae, Ijin Joo, Joon Koo Han

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Ultrasonography (US) has been considered image of choice for gallbladder (GB) polyp, however, it had limitations in differentiating between nonneoplastic polyps and neoplastic polyps. We developed and investigated the usefulness of a deep learning-based decision support system (DL-DSS) for the differential diagnosis of GB polyps on US. We retrospectively collected 535 patients, and they were divided into the development dataset (n = 437) and test dataset (n = 98). The binary classification convolutional neural network model was developed by transfer learning. Using the test dataset, three radiologists with different experience levels retrospectively graded the possibility of a neoplastic polyp using a 5-point confidence scale. The reviewers were requested to re-evaluate their grades using the DL-DSS assistant. The areas under the curve (AUCs) of three reviewers were 0.94, 0.78, and 0.87. The DL-DSS alone showed an AUC of 0.92. With the DL-DSS assistant, the AUCs of the reviewer’s improved to 0.95, 0.91, and 0.91. Also, the specificity of the reviewers was improved (65.1–85.7 to 71.4–93.7). The intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) improved from 0.87 to 0.93. In conclusion, DL-DSS could be used as an assistant tool to decrease the gap between reviewers and to reduce the false positive rate.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7700
Pages (from-to)7700
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 7 May 2020

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