BACKGROUND: This study aimed to (1) document the total knee arthroplasty (TKA) use in Korea from 2010 to 2018, (2) evaluate whether rapid increase in TKA use has been maintained, and (3) estimate the projected TKA burden to 2030 based on the current use.
METHODS: Using the Health Insurance Review and Assessment Korean database, procedural rate, growth rate, and revision burden of primary and revision TKAs in Korea between 2010 and 2018 were analyzed. TKA procedural numbers were also stratified by age and gender. Then, the projected TKA burden to 2030 including procedural number and medical costs were estimated using linear and quasi-Poisson regression models, respectively.
RESULTS: Between 2010 and 2018, procedural rate of primary and revision TKAs has increased by 35% and 68%, respectively. More than 85% of primary and revision TKAs were performed on female patients, and the subgroup of patients aged ≥80 years showed a marked increase in primary and revision TKA use. According to the projection model, the number of primary and revision TKAs is predicted to increase between 53% and 91%, and between 75% and 155%, respectively, by 2030.
CONCLUSION: Between 2010 and 2018, the procedural rates of primary and revision TKAs in Korea increased gradually by 35% and 68%, respectively, and previously observed striking growth rate has markedly slowed. Nevertheless, compared to 2018, the burdens of primary and revision TKAs are projected to increase up to 91% and 155%, respectively, by 2030.
LEVEL OF EVIDENCE: Therapeutic Level III.