CT volumetric measurement of colorectal cancer helps predict tumor staging and prognosis

Jin Young Park, Se Hyung Kim, Sang Min Lee, Jeong Sub Lee, Joon Koo Han

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Abstract

Purpose To evaluate feasibility of CT colonography (CTC) volumetry of colorectal cancer (CRC) and its correlation with disease stage and patients' survival. Materials and methods CTC volumetry was performed for 126 patients who underwent preoperative CTC. Reproducibility of tumor volume (Tvol) between two readers was assessed. One-way ANOVA and ROC analysis evaluated correlation between Tvol and pTNM staging. ROC analysis compared diagnostic performance to predict pTNM staging between Tvol and radiologist. Kaplan-Meier test compared overall survival. Results Reproducibility among readers was excellent (interclass correlation = 0.9829). Mean Tvol showed an incremental trend with T stage and Tvol of pT4b stage was significantly larger than other stages (P<0.0001). Az value (0.780) of Tvol to predict pT4b stage was significantly larger than that (0.591) of radiologist (P = 0.004). However, Tvol was not significantly different according to pN stage. Az values (0.723~0.857) of Tvol to predict M1 or M1b were comparable to those (0.772~0.690) of radiologist (P>0.05). Smaller tumor burden (≤12.85cm3), ≥T3, N0, M0 stages, and curative surgery were significantly associated with patients' longer survival (P<0.05). Conclusion CT volumetry has a limited value to predict N stage; however, it may outperform the radiologist's performance when predicting pT4b and M1b stage and can be a useful prognostic marker.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0178522
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume12
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2017

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