Objectives: To prospectively evaluate if the perfusion parameters of gastric cancer can provide information on histologic subtypes of gastric cancer. Methods: We performed preoperative perfusion CT (PCT) and curative gastrectomy in 46 patients. PCT data were analysed using a dedicated software program. Perfusion parameters were obtained by two independent radiologists and were compared according to histologic type using Kruskal–Wallis, Mann–Whitney U test and receiver operating characteristic analysis. To assess inter-reader agreement, we used intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC). Results: Inter-reader agreement for perfusion parameters was moderate to substantial (ICC = 0.585–0.678). Permeability surface value of poorly cohesive carcinoma (PCC) was significantly higher than other histologic types (47.3 ml/100 g/min in PCC vs 26.5 ml/100 g/min in non-PCC, P < 0.001). Mean transit time (MTT) of PCC was also significantly longer than non-PCC (13.0 s in PCC vs 10.3 s in non-PCC, P = 0.032). The area under the curve to predict PCC was 0.891 (P < 0.001) for permeability surface and 0.697 (P = 0.015) for MTT. Conclusion: Obtaining perfusion parameters from PCT was feasible in gastric cancer patients and can aid in the preoperative imaging diagnosis of PCC-type gastric cancer as the permeability surface and MTT value of PCC type gastric cancer were significantly higher than those of non-PCC. Key points: • Obtaining perfusion parameters from PCT was feasible in patients with gastric cancer. • Permeability surface and MTT were significantly higher in poorly cohesive carcinoma (PCC). • Permeability surface, MTT can aid in the preoperative imaging diagnosis of PCC.
- Histologic type of gastric cancer
- Mean transit time
- Perfusion CT
- Permeability surface
- Poorly cohesive carcinoma