ABSTRACT: This study aims to evaluate the association between target vessel size and graft patency in the right IMA-right coronary territory anastomosis.A total of 402 patients who underwent CABG between 2005 and 2016 using the right IMA Y-graft to the posterolateral branch or posterior descending artery were enrolled. Preoperative coronary angiography was utilized to measure the size of the target coronary arteries in the right territory. Follow-up angiography and computed tomography at 6 to 12 months were used to determine graft patency.Thirty patients (7.5%) were found to have occluded graft. Larger target vessel size was associated with lower risk of graft occlusion (OR: 0.18, 95% CI:0.05-0.62, P = .007). The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve showed that the cutoff-value of 1.93 mm was found to have the maximum sum of sensitivity and specificity for graft patency (Area under the curve (AUC): 0.65, P = .01). Excluding patients with right coronary artery total occlusion, the discriminative performance of target vessel size became more prominent (AUC: 0.76, P < .01), with same cutoff value.In the setting of bilateral IMA composite grafting, the patency of right IMA to right coronary territory was influenced by the size of the target coronary artery. The influence of target coronary artery size was prominent in non-total occlusion patients. Careful selection of a target anastomosis site is recommended.