OBJECTIVES: We investigated the safety and efficacy of continuous intraoperative neuromonitoring (CIONM) during video-assisted thoracoscopic lobectomy for left lung cancer in preventing recurrent laryngeal nerve injury. METHODS: From August 2015 to March 2020, 22 patients with left lung cancer without CIONM (unmonitored) and 20 patients with left lung cancer with CIONM underwent thoracoscopic lobectomy with complete mediastinal lymph node dissection including 4L dissection. Clinical outcomes from these 2 groups were compared. RESULTS: The incidence of 4L metastasis was 7.14% (3 patients). There was no significant difference in the total number of dissected 4L lymph nodes between the 2 groups (3.23 ± 2.2 in the unmonitored group, 3.95 ± 2.0 in the CIONM group). CIONM was successful in all of the cases. There was no significant difference in the incidence of postoperative vocal cord palsy (22.7% in the unmonitored group, 20% in the CIONM group, P = 1.000). All of the 5 patients (100%) had permanent vocal cord palsy in the unmonitored group. Although statistically insignificant, 75% (3 patients) had total recovery of the vocal cord function, with only 1 patient remaining in permanent vocal cord palsy in the CIONM group. CONCLUSIONS: CIONM was safe and efficient. CIONM might be helpful to avoid permanent vocal cord palsy by immediately warning the surgeon about impending nerve injury, so the surgeon can stop delivering further injury to the recurrent laryngeal nerve.
|Journal||Interactive Cardiovascular and Thoracic Surgery|
|State||Published - 1 Dec 2022|
- Lung cancer
- Lymph node excision
- Thoracic surgery
- Vocal cord paralysis