Conservative management of congenital dacryocystocele

resolution and complications

Min Joung Lee, Jinku Park, Namju Kim, Hokyung Choung, Sang In Kwarg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes of initial conservative management in infants with congenital dacryocystocele. Design: Retrospective case series. Participants: A total of 30 congenital dacryocystoceles of 28 Korean infants treated between January 2006 and December 2015. Methods: All patients were managed conservatively with lacrimal sac massage. Clinical courses and outcomes of the patients were retrospectively reviewed, and rates of resolution of dacryocystoceles and development of dacryocystitis were analyzed. Results: In 27 cases of dacryocystoceles without infection, spontaneous resolution was achieved without any complication in 20 of 27 (74.1%) cases after conservative treatment. The mean duration of treatment was 27.5 days. Lacrimal probing was needed in 5 (18.5%) dacryocystoceles that persisted despite lacrimal sac massage for more than 1 month. Infectious dacryocystitis developed in 2 of 27 (7.4%) cases. Three dacryocystoceles were infected at presentation. Overall, 5 dacryocystoceles were complicated with infection and those cases received prompt systemic antibiotics treatment. External incision and drainage of the lacrimal sac was needed in 3 dacryocystoceles, and all cases were finally resolved without any additional procedures. Conclusions: In this case series, most of the uninfected dacryocystoceles could be successfully managed with conservative treatment alone. In cases with infection, systemic antibiotics were essential and external drainage was sometimes required, but these cases could be conservatively managed after the remission of infection.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-425
Number of pages5
JournalCanadian Journal of Ophthalmology
Volume54
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2019

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Nasolacrimal Duct
Dacryocystitis
Massage
Infection
Drainage
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Tears
Conservative Treatment
Therapeutics

Cite this

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title = "Conservative management of congenital dacryocystocele: resolution and complications",
abstract = "Objective: To investigate the clinical outcomes of initial conservative management in infants with congenital dacryocystocele. Design: Retrospective case series. Participants: A total of 30 congenital dacryocystoceles of 28 Korean infants treated between January 2006 and December 2015. Methods: All patients were managed conservatively with lacrimal sac massage. Clinical courses and outcomes of the patients were retrospectively reviewed, and rates of resolution of dacryocystoceles and development of dacryocystitis were analyzed. Results: In 27 cases of dacryocystoceles without infection, spontaneous resolution was achieved without any complication in 20 of 27 (74.1{\%}) cases after conservative treatment. The mean duration of treatment was 27.5 days. Lacrimal probing was needed in 5 (18.5{\%}) dacryocystoceles that persisted despite lacrimal sac massage for more than 1 month. Infectious dacryocystitis developed in 2 of 27 (7.4{\%}) cases. Three dacryocystoceles were infected at presentation. Overall, 5 dacryocystoceles were complicated with infection and those cases received prompt systemic antibiotics treatment. External incision and drainage of the lacrimal sac was needed in 3 dacryocystoceles, and all cases were finally resolved without any additional procedures. Conclusions: In this case series, most of the uninfected dacryocystoceles could be successfully managed with conservative treatment alone. In cases with infection, systemic antibiotics were essential and external drainage was sometimes required, but these cases could be conservatively managed after the remission of infection.",
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Conservative management of congenital dacryocystocele : resolution and complications. / Lee, Min Joung; Park, Jinku; Kim, Namju; Choung, Hokyung; Kwarg, Sang In.

In: Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology, Vol. 54, No. 4, 01.08.2019, p. 421-425.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleResearchpeer-review

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