Objectives: To compare the image quality and diagnostic performance of 2D MRCP to those of breath-hold 3D MRCP using compressed sensing (CS-MRCP) and gradient and spin-echo (GRASE-MRCP) at 3T. Methods: From January to November 2018, patients who underwent pancreatobiliary MRI including 2D MRCP and two breath-hold 3D MRCP using CS and GRASE at 3T were included. Three radiologists independently evaluated image quality, motion artifact, and pancreatic cyst conspicuity. Diagnostic performance was assessed for bile duct anatomic variation, bile duct, and pancreatic diseases using a composite algorithm as reference standards. Pancreatic lesion detectability and conspicuity were evaluated using JAFROC and generalized estimating equation analysis. Results: One hundred patients (male = 50) were included. Bile duct anatomic variation, bile duct and pancreatic diseases were present in respectively 31, 15, and 79 patients. Breath-hold 3D MRCP provided better image quality than 2D MRCP (3.5 ± 0.6 in 2D MRCP; 4.0 ± 0.7 in GRASE-MRCP and 3.9 ± 0.8 in CS-MRCP, p < 0.001 for both). There was no difference in motion artifact between 2D and breath-hold 3D MRCP (p = 0.1). Breath-hold 3D CS-MRCP provided better pancreatic cyst conspicuity than 2D MRCP (2.7 [95% CI: 2.5–3.0] vs. 2.3 [95% CI: 2.1–2.5], p = 0.001). There were no significant differences between the diagnostic performance of the three sequences in the detection of bile duct anatomic variation or pancreatic lesions (p > 0.05). Conclusion: Breath-hold 3D MRCP with GRASE or CS can provide better image quality than 2D MRCP in a comparable scan time. Key Points: • Breath-hold 3D MRCP using compressed sensing (CS) or gradient and spin-echo (GRASE) provided a better image quality with less image blurring than 2D MRCP. • There were no significant differences between 2D MRCP and breath-hold 3D MRCP in either motion artifact or the number of non-diagnostic exams. • There were no significant differences between 2D MRCP and either type of breath-hold 3D MRCP in the diagnosis of bile duct anatomic variation or detection of pancreatic lesions.
- Cholangiography, three-dimensional
- Data compression
- Magnetic resonance imaging