Background: Currently, various types of toric intraocular lenses (IOL) have been manufactured and can be divided into three types according to the location of correction component; front-toric IOL (correction on anterior IOL surface), back-toric IOL (correction on posterior IOL surface), and bi-toric IOL (correction on both anterior and posterior IOL surfaces). In this study, we aimed to investigate the effectiveness of reducing corneal astigmatism of either normal or post-penetrating keratoplasty (PKP) corneas according to the type of implanted toric IOLs. Methods: Medical records were retrospectively reviewed in 370 patients who had undergone phacoemulsification with posterior chamber toric IOL insertion (front-toric IOL, back-toric IOL or bi-toric IOL). Subjects were divided into 2 groups; subjects who had no history of corneal disease with corneal astigmatism more than 1.00 diopters (D) (G1) and subjects who received previous PKP with all corneal sutures removed and had corneal astigmatism more than 1.25 D (G2). Preoperatively intended target from SRK/T was evaluated. Refractive astigmatism and its vector analysis (J0, J45), mean numerical error (MNE) and mean absolute error (MAE) were assessed at least a month after cataract surgery. Results: Mean preoperative corneal astigmatisms were 2.2 D and 4.0 D in G1 and G2, respectively. There was significant reduction of mean postoperative refractive astigmatism to 0.89 D in G1 and to 2.33 D in G2. In G1, bi-toric IOL showed significantly more improved refractive astigmatism than back-toric IOL. In G2, no difference in refractive astigmatism according to toric IOL type was observed. While G2 showed no difference in MNE among toric IOLs, in G1, bi-toric IOL showed significant hyperopic shift compared to back-toric IOL. In both groups, there was no significant difference in MAE according to type of IOL. No postoperative complications were observed. Conclusion: Our study suggests that all types of toric IOL are beneficial in correcting astigmatism of normal and post-PKP corneas. Noticeably, bi-toric IOL showed significantly better results in refractive astigmatism than back-toric IOL in normal cornea. However, bi-toric IOL showed a more hyperopic shift compared to back-toric IOL. Among post-PKP corneas, all types of toric IOL showed similar results.
- Toric intraocular lens