Comparative analysis of age-related changes in lacrimal glands and meibomian glands of a c57bl/6 male mouse model

Chang Ho Yoon, Jin Suk Ryu, Ho Sik Hwang, Mee Kum Kim

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3 Scopus citations


It is not known how biological changes in the lacrimal (LGs) and meibomian (MGs) glands contribute to dry eye disease (DED) in a time-dependent manner. In this study, we investigated time-sequenced changes in the inflammation, oxidative stress, and senescence of stem cells in both glands of an aging-related DED mouse model. Eight-week (8W)-, one-year (1Y)-, and two-year (2Y)-old C57BL/6 male mice were used. MG areas of the upper and lower eyelids were analyzed by transillumination meibography imaging. The number of CD45+, 8-OHdG+, Ki-67+, and BrdU+ cells was compared in both glands. Increased corneal staining and decreased tear secretion were observed in aged mice. The MG dropout area increased with aging, and the age-adjusted MG area in lower lids was negatively correlated with the National Eye Institute (NEI) score. Increased CD4+ interferon (IFN)-γ+ cells in LGs were found in both aged mice. An increase in 8-OHdG+ cells in both glands was evident in 2Y-old mice. Reduced Ki-67+ cells, but no change in CD45+ cells, was observed in the MGs of 1Y-old mice. Increased BrdU+ cells were observed in the LGs of aged mice. This suggests that age-dependent DED in C57BL/6 mice is related to inflammation of the LGs, the development of MG atrophy, and oxidative stress in both glands.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4169
Pages (from-to)1-19
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Issue number11
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2020


  • Aging
  • Dry eye
  • Inflammation
  • Lacrimal glands
  • Meibomian glands
  • Oxidative stress
  • Senescence

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