The therapeutic approach for relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) remains to be a challenge. The patient was diagnosed as B-cell ALL at 6 months of age and relapsed for the second time following repeat allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (one after first complete remission [CR1] and the other after CR2). During blinatumomab monotherapy, he developed an extramedullary relapse. Finally, the combined therapy with clofarabine, donor lymphocyte infusion, and blinatumomab induced CR of the bone marrow and extramedullary relapse. Unfortunately, the patient developed central nervous system relapse, however, this case showed a promising potential for combination therapy with clofarabine, donor lymphocyte infusion, and blinatumomab in relapsed/refractory B-cell ALL.
- donor lymphocyte infusion
- relapsed/refractory acute lymphoblastic leukemia