Clinical implication of radiologic complete remission on Crohn's Disease: Compared with endoscopic remission

Min Cheol Kim, Se Hyung Kim, Seong‑Joon J. Koh, Ji Hoon Park, Hyuk Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To determine the clinical implications of radiologic complete remission (CR) in Crohn's disease (CD) evaluated by computed tomography (CT) or magnetic resonance enterography (MRE) in comparison with endoscopic CR. Methods: Twenty-five CD patients who achieved endoscopic CR after medical treatment were retrospectively enrolled in this study. All patients underwent ileocolonoscopy, CT, or MRE at baseline, at the time of endoscopic CR, and during follow-up. Two radiologists assessed the mural and perienteric abnormalities on pre- and post-treatment CT or MRE in consensus. Patients were divided into radiologic CR and non-CR groups at the time of endoscopic CR. CD recurrence during subsequent follow-up periods was evaluated using clinical, laboratory, and CT/MRI findings. Statistical analysis was performed to assess whether there were significant differences in patient outcomes between the groups. Results: At the time of endoscopic CR, nine patients (mean age, 36.6 years) showed normalization of all radiologic features and were designated as the radiologic CR group. However, 16 patients (mean age: 32.9 years) showed residual CT/MRE abnormalities, suggesting persistent active inflammation, and were designated as the radiologic non-CR group. During follow-up, there was a significant difference between the groups regarding clinical outcomes (deep CR, 8/9 vs 5/16, P = 0.011; CD recurrence, 1/9 vs 14/16, P < 0.001). The mean fecal calprotectin level was significantly lower in the radiologic CR group (287.5 ug/g) than in the non-CR group (652.4 ug/g) (P = 0.023). Conclusions: Radiologic CR can represent a better therapeutic endpoint in CD, showing superiority over endoscopic CR in predicting both clinical and biochemical outcomes.

Original languageEnglish
Article number110469
JournalEuropean Journal of Radiology
Volume155
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2022

Keywords

  • Colonoscopy
  • Crohn disease
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Spiral computed tomography
  • Treatment outcome

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