Clinical implication of 18F-NaF PET/computed tomography indexes of aortic calcification in coronary artery disease patients: correlations with cardiovascular risk factors

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Abstract

OBJECTIVE: Vascular calcification is known to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Recently, F-NaF PET has been reported to be effective for detecting early and active vascular calcification. In this study, correlations between F-NaF PET/computed tomography (CT) findings and cardiovascular risk factors were investigated in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent F-NaF PET/CT. The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity, and the overall burden of calcium deposition in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) were measured on F-NaF PET/CT and they were compared with cardiovascular risk factors, particularly, with those related to metabolic syndrome. RESULTS: The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity in DTA measured on F-NaF PET were significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus (P = 0.030 and 0.049, respectively) and serum HbA1c level (ρ = 0.433 and 0.344, respectively). In contrast, the overall burden of calcium deposition measured on CT was significantly correlated with hypertension (P < 0.001). The overall burden of calcium deposition was also significantly correlated with metabolic syndrome (P = 0.002) and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk score (P = 0.004) CONCLUSION: F-NaF uptake is closely related to diabetes mellitus, whereas aortic calcification on CT is closely related to hypertension. Although F-NaF uptake in DTA can be a potential prognostic factor, aortic calcification on CT is a more significant prognostic factor for overall cardiovascular risk than F-NaF uptake.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
JournalNuclear Medicine Communications
Volume41
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2020

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Thoracic Aorta
Coronary Artery Disease
Tomography
Vascular Calcification
Calcium
Diabetes Mellitus
Hypertension
Cardiovascular Diseases
Serum

Cite this

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title = "Clinical implication of 18F-NaF PET/computed tomography indexes of aortic calcification in coronary artery disease patients: correlations with cardiovascular risk factors",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: Vascular calcification is known to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Recently, F-NaF PET has been reported to be effective for detecting early and active vascular calcification. In this study, correlations between F-NaF PET/computed tomography (CT) findings and cardiovascular risk factors were investigated in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent F-NaF PET/CT. The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity, and the overall burden of calcium deposition in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) were measured on F-NaF PET/CT and they were compared with cardiovascular risk factors, particularly, with those related to metabolic syndrome. RESULTS: The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity in DTA measured on F-NaF PET were significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus (P = 0.030 and 0.049, respectively) and serum HbA1c level (ρ = 0.433 and 0.344, respectively). In contrast, the overall burden of calcium deposition measured on CT was significantly correlated with hypertension (P < 0.001). The overall burden of calcium deposition was also significantly correlated with metabolic syndrome (P = 0.002) and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk score (P = 0.004) CONCLUSION: F-NaF uptake is closely related to diabetes mellitus, whereas aortic calcification on CT is closely related to hypertension. Although F-NaF uptake in DTA can be a potential prognostic factor, aortic calcification on CT is a more significant prognostic factor for overall cardiovascular risk than F-NaF uptake.",
author = "Ryoo, {Hyun Gee} and Paeng, {Jin Chul} and Koo, {Bon Kwon} and Cheon, {Gi Jeong} and Lee, {Dong Soo} and Kang, {Keon Wook}",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MNM.0000000000001115",
language = "English",
volume = "41",
pages = "58--64",
journal = "Nuclear medicine communications",
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publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Ltd.",
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TY - JOUR

T1 - Clinical implication of 18F-NaF PET/computed tomography indexes of aortic calcification in coronary artery disease patients

T2 - correlations with cardiovascular risk factors

AU - Ryoo, Hyun Gee

AU - Paeng, Jin Chul

AU - Koo, Bon Kwon

AU - Cheon, Gi Jeong

AU - Lee, Dong Soo

AU - Kang, Keon Wook

PY - 2020/1/1

Y1 - 2020/1/1

N2 - OBJECTIVE: Vascular calcification is known to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Recently, F-NaF PET has been reported to be effective for detecting early and active vascular calcification. In this study, correlations between F-NaF PET/computed tomography (CT) findings and cardiovascular risk factors were investigated in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent F-NaF PET/CT. The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity, and the overall burden of calcium deposition in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) were measured on F-NaF PET/CT and they were compared with cardiovascular risk factors, particularly, with those related to metabolic syndrome. RESULTS: The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity in DTA measured on F-NaF PET were significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus (P = 0.030 and 0.049, respectively) and serum HbA1c level (ρ = 0.433 and 0.344, respectively). In contrast, the overall burden of calcium deposition measured on CT was significantly correlated with hypertension (P < 0.001). The overall burden of calcium deposition was also significantly correlated with metabolic syndrome (P = 0.002) and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk score (P = 0.004) CONCLUSION: F-NaF uptake is closely related to diabetes mellitus, whereas aortic calcification on CT is closely related to hypertension. Although F-NaF uptake in DTA can be a potential prognostic factor, aortic calcification on CT is a more significant prognostic factor for overall cardiovascular risk than F-NaF uptake.

AB - OBJECTIVE: Vascular calcification is known to be associated with cardiovascular risk factors. Recently, F-NaF PET has been reported to be effective for detecting early and active vascular calcification. In this study, correlations between F-NaF PET/computed tomography (CT) findings and cardiovascular risk factors were investigated in patients with suspected coronary artery disease. PATIENTS AND METHODS: Forty patients with suspected coronary artery disease underwent F-NaF PET/CT. The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity, and the overall burden of calcium deposition in the descending thoracic aorta (DTA) were measured on F-NaF PET/CT and they were compared with cardiovascular risk factors, particularly, with those related to metabolic syndrome. RESULTS: The maximum and overall burden of calcifying activity in DTA measured on F-NaF PET were significantly correlated with diabetes mellitus (P = 0.030 and 0.049, respectively) and serum HbA1c level (ρ = 0.433 and 0.344, respectively). In contrast, the overall burden of calcium deposition measured on CT was significantly correlated with hypertension (P < 0.001). The overall burden of calcium deposition was also significantly correlated with metabolic syndrome (P = 0.002) and 10-year cardiovascular disease risk score (P = 0.004) CONCLUSION: F-NaF uptake is closely related to diabetes mellitus, whereas aortic calcification on CT is closely related to hypertension. Although F-NaF uptake in DTA can be a potential prognostic factor, aortic calcification on CT is a more significant prognostic factor for overall cardiovascular risk than F-NaF uptake.

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U2 - 10.1097/MNM.0000000000001115

DO - 10.1097/MNM.0000000000001115

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VL - 41

SP - 58

EP - 64

JO - Nuclear medicine communications

JF - Nuclear medicine communications

SN - 0143-3636

IS - 1

ER -