Clinical Genome Data Model (cGDM) provides Interactive Clinical Decision Support for Precision Medicine

Hyo Jung Kim, Hyeong Joon Kim, Yoomi Park, Woo Seung Lee, Younggyun Lim, Ju Han Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

In light of recent developments in genomic technology and the rapid accumulation of genomic information, a major transition toward precision medicine is anticipated. However, the clinical applications of genomic information remain limited. This lag can be attributed to several complex factors, including the knowledge gap between medical experts and bioinformaticians, the distance between bioinformatics workflows and clinical practice, and the unique characteristics of genomic data, which can make interpretation difficult. Here we present a novel genomic data model that allows for more interactive support in clinical decision-making. Informational modelling was used as a basis to design a communication scheme between sophisticated bioinformatics predictions and the representative data relevant to a clinical decision. This study was conducted by a multidisciplinary working group who carried out clinico-genomic workflow analysis and attribute extraction, through Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA). Based on those results, a clinical genome data model (cGDM) was developed with 8 entities and 46 attributes. The cGDM integrates reliability-related factors that enable clinicians to access the reliability problem of each individual genetic test result as clinical evidence. The proposed cGDM provides a data-layer infrastructure supporting the intellectual interplay between medical experts and informed decision-making.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1414
JournalScientific Reports
Volume10
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2020

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