Clinical Feasibility of Abbreviated Magnetic Resonance With Breath-Hold 3-Dimensional Magnetic Resonance Cholangiopancreatography for Surveillance of Pancreatic Intraductal Papillary Mucinous Neoplasm

Hyo Jin Kang, Dong Ho Lee, Jeong Min Lee, Jeongin Yoo, Elisabeth Weiland, Eun Ju Kim, Yohan Son

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To determine the clinical feasibility of abbreviated magnetic resonance image (MRI) using breath-hold 3-dimensional magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography (3D-MRCP) (aMRI-BH) for pancreatic intraductal papillary mucinous neoplasm (IPMN) surveillance. MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this retrospective study, 123 patients with 158 pancreatic IPMNs (pathologically proven [n = 73] and typical image feature with ≥2-year stability [n = 85]) who underwent conventional MRI (cMRI) consisting of contrast-enhanced pancreatobiliary MRI with conventional and BH-3D-MRCP were included. Two readers independently evaluated aMRI-BH protocols consisting of heavily T2-weighted, precontrast T1-weighted, and BH-3D-MRCP sequences. The diagnostic performance of aMRI-BH for detecting malignant IPMNs was assessed using the following criteria: category 3, presence of mural nodule 5 mm or bigger and/or main pancreatic duct (MPD) 10 mm or bigger; category 2, more than one of the following: cyst size 30 mm or greater, mural nodule smaller than 5 mm, thickened cyst walls, MPD of 5 to 9 mm, lymphadenopathy, and an abrupt MPD caliber change with distal atrophy; and category 1, none of the above. Categories 2 or 3 were considered positive results of surveillance. Interreader agreement of image features by intraclass correlation and κ statistics were analyzed. RESULTS: The total acquisition times of cMRI and aMRI-BH were 32.7 ± 8 and 5.5 ± 2.1 minutes, respectively (P < 0.01). Among 158 IPMNs, 33 lesions were malignant. The aMRI-BH presented a sensitivity of 100% and a negative predictive value of 100% for evaluating malignant IPMNs in both readers, with substantial interreader agreements (intraclass correlation or к values, range: 0.73-0.93 for cMRI and 0.57-0.94 for aMRI-BH) in significant imaging features based on revised Fukuoka guidelines, except for thickened cyst walls and lymphadenopathy (к values: 0.10 and 1.00 for cMRI and 0.13 and 0.49 for aMRI-BH, respectively). CONCLUSIONS: The aMRI-BH provided high sensitivity and negative predictive value to evaluate malignant IPMNs by using predetermined criteria, and aMRI-BH might be a potential tool for pancreatic IPMN surveillance with significantly lower acquisition time.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)262-269
Number of pages8
JournalInvestigative Radiology
Volume55
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 May 2020

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