Clinical Deterioration and Lung Function Change in Patients With Concomitant Asthma and Bronchiectasis

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Background: Only limited data are available regarding the effects of bronchiectasis on the clinical course of asthma. Objective: This study evaluated longitudinal clinical outcomes according to bronchiectasis status in patients with asthma. Methods: This retrospective study included patients with asthma who underwent chest computed tomography and pulmonary function tests between January 2013 and December 2019. The annual incidence of episodes of moderate-to-severe acute clinical deterioration (exacerbations) and longitudinal changes in lung function were evaluated. Results: Of 667 patients with asthma, 251 had bronchiectasis. Patients with bronchiectasis had significantly more history of tuberculosis and nontuberculous mycobacterial lung disease, and lower forced expiratory volume in 1 second and forced vital capacity, compared with patients without bronchiectasis, although there was no difference in smoking intensity and inhaled corticosteroid treatment. Bronchiectasis was significantly associated with higher annual rates of severe and moderate-to-severe acute exacerbations; it was also associated with greater risk of acute exacerbation during follow-up. The severity and progression of bronchiectasis were independent risk factors for acute exacerbation. There were no significant differences in annual decline of lung function according to bronchiectasis status or bronchiectasis progression. Conclusions: In patients with asthma, the presence and progression of bronchiectasis were significantly associated with increased risk of moderate-to-severe acute exacerbation, but they were not associated with longitudinal changes in lung function.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2607-2613.e4
JournalJournal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology: In Practice
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2022


  • Asthma
  • Bronchiectasis
  • Exacerbation
  • Lung function


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