Clinical and urodynamic differences among women with overactive bladder according to the presence of detrusor overactivity

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Abstract

Introduction and hypothesis: We tried to determine whether clinical and urodynamic differences exist between women with and without detrusor overactivity (DO) using a large database of overactive bladder (OAB) patients. Methods: We reviewed the medical records of 513 women who underwent urodynamic studies for OAB symptoms without neurogenic or anatomical conditions that affect micturition function. Clinical symptoms were evaluated using a 3-day frequency-volume chart (FVC) including the Urinary Sensation Scale and American Urological Association Symptom Index (AUA-SI). All clinical and urodynamic findings were compared between women with and without DO. Results: The patients' mean age was 58.9 years. DO was identified urodynamically in 167 (32.6 %) women. Those with DO were older (62.9 vs 57.0 years, p < 0.001); however, no differences in AUA-SI, episodes of daytime voiding, and episodes of nocturia were observed between the groups. Functional bladder capacity was smaller in women with DO; however, this difference did not reach statistical significance. Women with DO had significantly more urgency incontinence symptoms than those without DO (55.1 vs 29.5 %, p < 0.001). In urodynamic parameters, the volumes at first desire to void and strong desire to void and maximum cystometric capacity were significantly smaller, and detrusor pressure at the opening was significantly higher in women with DO compared to subjects without DO (26.2 vs 21.2 cmH2O, p = 0.004). Conclusions: Our findings suggest a more severe disturbance of bladder function when DO exists, although no differences were observed in symptom scores and 3-day FVC parameters among women with OAB symptoms according to the presence of DO.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)255-261
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Urogynecology Journal and Pelvic Floor Dysfunction
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2013

Keywords

  • Overactive bladder
  • Overactive detrusor
  • Symptoms
  • Urodynamics

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