Chloride channel conductance is required for NGF-induced neurite outgrowth in PC12 cells

Soo Yeon Kim, Dong Hun Shin, Sung Joon Kim, Byung Soo Koo, Chang Dae Bae, Joobae Park, Songhee Jeon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

We have previously shown that in PC12 cells: (1) high extracellular KCl induces moesin phosphorylation, an event which was dependent on chloride channel activation, and (2) NGF induces moesin phosphorylation which is required for neurite outgrowth. These results suggest that NGF-induced intracellular signaling and neurite outgrowth is also mediated by activation of anion channels. Using a patch-clamp technique, we found that NGF treatment increased anionic conductance in PC12 cells, an effect which was completely blocked by NPPB, a chloride channel inhibitor. Also, the NGF-induced moesin phosphorylation was suppressed by NPPB. Additionally, NPPB and SITS, another chloride channel blocker, suppressed NGF-induced TrkA phosphorylation and subsequent PI3K/Akt phosphorylation and Rac1 activation in PC12 cells. Moreover, the chloride channel inhibitors also suppressed the neurite outgrowth and decreased the cell viability in response to long-term treatment of NGF. In summary, our results suggest that chloride ion flux plays an important role in TrkA-mediated signaling pathway during NGF-induced differentiation of PC12 cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)663-669
Number of pages7
JournalNeurochemistry International
Volume56
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Apr 2010

Keywords

  • Chloride channel
  • NGF
  • Neurite outgrowth
  • PC12 cells
  • TrkA receptor

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