Chitosan oral patches inspired by mussel adhesion

Ji Hyun Ryu, Ji Suk Choi, Eunsook Park, Min Rye Eom, Seongyeon Jo, Moon Sue Lee, Seong Keun Kwon, Haeshin Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Oral mucosal drug delivery systems have been developed to expedite the regeneration of oral mucosa, there are still many challenges related to residence time for drugs because the ceaseless changes of saliva, mouth movement, and involuntary swallowing prevent robust adhesion of drugs and/or drug-loaded biomaterials. Thus, it is highly desirable to develop the delivery platforms exhibiting robust, stable adhesion within oral cavities. Herein, we have developed an adhesive polysaccharide oral patch called ‘Chitoral’ that utilizes chemical principles shown in wet-resistant mussel adhesion. Chitoral plays an important role as an adhesive layer in wet environments. We unexpectedly found that Chitoral instantly dissolves upon contact with saliva and a labial mucous layer, and then the dissolved Chitoral compounds forms an insoluble adhesion layer with mucins at Chitoral/mucous interface nearly immediate actions. Later, Chitoral gradually converts into adhesive hydrogels by the cooperative actions of covalent crosslinking and physical entanglement. The instant, robust muco-adhesion properties of Chitoral provides long-lasting therapeutic effects of drugs resulting enhanced healing of oral ulcer. Thus, mussel-inspired, mucous-resistant adhesive platforms, Chitoral, can be a platform for oral mucosal drug delivery systems.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Controlled Release
Volume317
DOIs
StatePublished - 10 Jan 2020

Fingerprint

Bivalvia
Chitosan
Adhesives
Drug Delivery Systems
Saliva
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Mouth
Oral Ulcer
Hydrogels
Dyskinesias
Mouth Mucosa
Biocompatible Materials
Therapeutic Uses
Mucins
Deglutition
Lip
Polysaccharides
Regeneration

Keywords

  • Catechol
  • Chitosan
  • Delivery
  • Mucoadhesion
  • Oral
  • Triamcinolone acetonide

Cite this

Ryu, J. H., Choi, J. S., Park, E., Eom, M. R., Jo, S., Lee, M. S., ... Lee, H. (2020). Chitosan oral patches inspired by mussel adhesion. Journal of Controlled Release, 317, 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2019.11.006
Ryu, Ji Hyun ; Choi, Ji Suk ; Park, Eunsook ; Eom, Min Rye ; Jo, Seongyeon ; Lee, Moon Sue ; Kwon, Seong Keun ; Lee, Haeshin. / Chitosan oral patches inspired by mussel adhesion. In: Journal of Controlled Release. 2020 ; Vol. 317. pp. 57-66.
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Ryu, JH, Choi, JS, Park, E, Eom, MR, Jo, S, Lee, MS, Kwon, SK & Lee, H 2020, 'Chitosan oral patches inspired by mussel adhesion', Journal of Controlled Release, vol. 317, pp. 57-66. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jconrel.2019.11.006

Chitosan oral patches inspired by mussel adhesion. / Ryu, Ji Hyun; Choi, Ji Suk; Park, Eunsook; Eom, Min Rye; Jo, Seongyeon; Lee, Moon Sue; Kwon, Seong Keun; Lee, Haeshin.

In: Journal of Controlled Release, Vol. 317, 10.01.2020, p. 57-66.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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