Characteristics of female lung cancer in Korea: Analysis of Korean national lung cancer registry

Jeong Uk Lim, Solji Han, Ho Cheol Kim, Chang Min Choi, Chi Young Jung, Deog Gon Cho, Jae Hyun Jeon, Jeong Eun Lee, Jin Seok Ahn, Yeongdae Kim, Yoo Duk Choi, Yang Gun Suh, Jung Eun Kim, Young Joo Won, Young Chul Kim, Chan Kwon Park, Seung Joon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Backgrounds: The present study evaluated Korean women with lung cancer and compared the clinical characteristics of ever-smoker and never-smoker groups using the National Lung Cancer Registry. Methods: In affiliation with the Korean Central Cancer Registry, the Korean Association for Lung Cancer constructed a registry into which 10% of the lung cancer cases in Korea were registered. Female lung cancer patients with valid smoking history were evaluated. Results: Among 735 female lung cancer patients, 643 (87.5%) were never-smokers and 92 (12.5%) were smokers. The median survival was significantly longer in the never-smoker group (28 vs. 14 months; P<0.001). Among 683 patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), the never-smoker group showed significantly longer median survival (29 vs. 14 months; P=0.002) and a higher proportion of stage I cancer (40.3% vs. 25.7%; P<0.001). Survival analysis of the NSCLC patients showed that smoking status, receiving only supportive care, EGFR mutation status, lung cancer stage, and forced vital capacity (FVC) (%) were significantly associated with mortality in the multivariate analysis (P=0.025, HR 2.39, 95% CI: 1.12-5.11; P=0.017, HR 3.14, 95% CI: 1.22-8.06; P=0.033, HR 0.63, 95% CI: 0.41-0.96; P<0.001, HR 11.88, 95% CI: 5.79-24.38; P=0.002, HR 0.98, 95% CI: 0.96-0.99, respectively). Conclusions: In Korean women with NSCLC, smoking status, not receiving active anticancer treatment, EGFR mutation status, lung cancer stage, and pulmonary function were significantly associated with mortality.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4612-4622
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1 Sep 2020


  • Lung cancer
  • Mortality
  • Pulmonary function
  • Smoking
  • Women

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