Changes of quality of life and cognitive function in individuals with Internet gaming disorder: A 6-month follow-up

Jae A. Lim, Jun Young Lee, Hee Yeon Jung, Bo Kyung Sohn, Sam Wook Choi, Yeon Jin Kim, Dai Jin Kim, Jung Seok Choi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

12 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N=44, mean age: 19.159± 5.216 years; healthy control group: N=40, mean age: 21.375±6.307 years) participated in this study. We administered self-report questionnaires at baseline to assess clinical and psychological characteristics, and conducted traditional and computerized neuropsychological tests. Nineteen patients with IGD completed follow-up tests in the same manner after 6 months of outpatient treatment, which included pharmacotherapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A baseline comparison of patients with IGD against the healthy control group showed that the IGD patients had more symptoms of depression and anxiety, higher degrees of impulsiveness and anger/aggression, higher levels of distress, poorer QOL, and impaired response inhibition. After 6 months of treatment, patients with IGD showed significant improvements in the severity of IGD, as well as in QOL, response inhibition, and executive functioning. Additionally, a stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed a favorable prognosis for IGD patients with low working memory functioning and high executive functioning at baseline. These results provide evidence regarding longitudinal changes in QOL and cognitive function following psychiatric intervention for IGD. Furthermore, it appears that response inhibition may be an objective state marker underlying the pathophysiology of IGD.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e5695
JournalMedicine (United States)
Volume95
Issue number50
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2016

Fingerprint

Internet
Cognition
Quality of Life
Outpatients
Control Groups
Neuropsychological Tests
Social Problems
Anger
Serotonin Uptake Inhibitors
Aggression
Short-Term Memory
Self Report
Psychiatry
Anxiety
Regression Analysis
Depression
Psychology
Drug Therapy
Therapeutics

Keywords

  • Inhibitory control
  • Internet gaming disorder
  • Psychological well-being
  • Quality of life
  • Response inhibition

Cite this

@article{2f47008895394ba085447db0f5b9f6a3,
title = "Changes of quality of life and cognitive function in individuals with Internet gaming disorder: A 6-month follow-up",
abstract = "Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N=44, mean age: 19.159± 5.216 years; healthy control group: N=40, mean age: 21.375±6.307 years) participated in this study. We administered self-report questionnaires at baseline to assess clinical and psychological characteristics, and conducted traditional and computerized neuropsychological tests. Nineteen patients with IGD completed follow-up tests in the same manner after 6 months of outpatient treatment, which included pharmacotherapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A baseline comparison of patients with IGD against the healthy control group showed that the IGD patients had more symptoms of depression and anxiety, higher degrees of impulsiveness and anger/aggression, higher levels of distress, poorer QOL, and impaired response inhibition. After 6 months of treatment, patients with IGD showed significant improvements in the severity of IGD, as well as in QOL, response inhibition, and executive functioning. Additionally, a stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed a favorable prognosis for IGD patients with low working memory functioning and high executive functioning at baseline. These results provide evidence regarding longitudinal changes in QOL and cognitive function following psychiatric intervention for IGD. Furthermore, it appears that response inhibition may be an objective state marker underlying the pathophysiology of IGD.",
keywords = "Inhibitory control, Internet gaming disorder, Psychological well-being, Quality of life, Response inhibition",
author = "Lim, {Jae A.} and Lee, {Jun Young} and Jung, {Hee Yeon} and Sohn, {Bo Kyung} and Choi, {Sam Wook} and Kim, {Yeon Jin} and Kim, {Dai Jin} and Choi, {Jung Seok}",
year = "2016",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1097/MD.0000000000005695",
language = "English",
volume = "95",
pages = "e5695",
journal = "Medicine (United States)",
issn = "0025-7974",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams and Wilkins Ltd.",
number = "50",

}

Changes of quality of life and cognitive function in individuals with Internet gaming disorder : A 6-month follow-up. / Lim, Jae A.; Lee, Jun Young; Jung, Hee Yeon; Sohn, Bo Kyung; Choi, Sam Wook; Kim, Yeon Jin; Kim, Dai Jin; Choi, Jung Seok.

In: Medicine (United States), Vol. 95, No. 50, 01.01.2016, p. e5695.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Changes of quality of life and cognitive function in individuals with Internet gaming disorder

T2 - A 6-month follow-up

AU - Lim, Jae A.

AU - Lee, Jun Young

AU - Jung, Hee Yeon

AU - Sohn, Bo Kyung

AU - Choi, Sam Wook

AU - Kim, Yeon Jin

AU - Kim, Dai Jin

AU - Choi, Jung Seok

PY - 2016/1/1

Y1 - 2016/1/1

N2 - Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N=44, mean age: 19.159± 5.216 years; healthy control group: N=40, mean age: 21.375±6.307 years) participated in this study. We administered self-report questionnaires at baseline to assess clinical and psychological characteristics, and conducted traditional and computerized neuropsychological tests. Nineteen patients with IGD completed follow-up tests in the same manner after 6 months of outpatient treatment, which included pharmacotherapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A baseline comparison of patients with IGD against the healthy control group showed that the IGD patients had more symptoms of depression and anxiety, higher degrees of impulsiveness and anger/aggression, higher levels of distress, poorer QOL, and impaired response inhibition. After 6 months of treatment, patients with IGD showed significant improvements in the severity of IGD, as well as in QOL, response inhibition, and executive functioning. Additionally, a stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed a favorable prognosis for IGD patients with low working memory functioning and high executive functioning at baseline. These results provide evidence regarding longitudinal changes in QOL and cognitive function following psychiatric intervention for IGD. Furthermore, it appears that response inhibition may be an objective state marker underlying the pathophysiology of IGD.

AB - Internet gaming disorder (IGD) contributes to poor quality of life (QOL) and cognitive dysfunction and is increasingly recognized as a social problem in various countries. However, no evidence exists to determine whether QOL and cognitive dysfunction stabilize after appropriate management. The present study addressed improvement in QOL and cognitive functioning associated with changes in addiction symptoms following outpatient management for IGD. A total of 84 young males (IGD group: N=44, mean age: 19.159± 5.216 years; healthy control group: N=40, mean age: 21.375±6.307 years) participated in this study. We administered self-report questionnaires at baseline to assess clinical and psychological characteristics, and conducted traditional and computerized neuropsychological tests. Nineteen patients with IGD completed follow-up tests in the same manner after 6 months of outpatient treatment, which included pharmacotherapy with selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors. A baseline comparison of patients with IGD against the healthy control group showed that the IGD patients had more symptoms of depression and anxiety, higher degrees of impulsiveness and anger/aggression, higher levels of distress, poorer QOL, and impaired response inhibition. After 6 months of treatment, patients with IGD showed significant improvements in the severity of IGD, as well as in QOL, response inhibition, and executive functioning. Additionally, a stepwise multiple regression analysis revealed a favorable prognosis for IGD patients with low working memory functioning and high executive functioning at baseline. These results provide evidence regarding longitudinal changes in QOL and cognitive function following psychiatric intervention for IGD. Furthermore, it appears that response inhibition may be an objective state marker underlying the pathophysiology of IGD.

KW - Inhibitory control

KW - Internet gaming disorder

KW - Psychological well-being

KW - Quality of life

KW - Response inhibition

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85007486310&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1097/MD.0000000000005695

DO - 10.1097/MD.0000000000005695

M3 - Article

C2 - 27977620

AN - SCOPUS:85007486310

VL - 95

SP - e5695

JO - Medicine (United States)

JF - Medicine (United States)

SN - 0025-7974

IS - 50

ER -