Changes in separate renal function in patients who underwent minimally invasive renal stone surgery according to the preoperative functional deterioration

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Abstract

The significant predictors for the postoperative deterioration of separate renal function after minimally invasive stone surgery were investigated in the present prospective and observational study. A total of 117 consecutive patients who underwent retrograde intrarenal surgery or mini-percutaneous nephrolithotomy for renal calculi >10 mm were included in the present study. Perioperative changes in separate renal function were evaluated with Technetium-99m-Diethylene TriaminePenta acetic acid scan prior to intervention and at postoperative 3 months. Based on the functional differences between bilateral renal units, deterioration of separate renal function was graded into the following three groups: normal deterioration (<10%), moderate deterioration (10–20%), and severe deterioration (>20%). A total of 46 patients had a normal separate renal function, while 71 (60.7%) showed abnormal separate function in the involved side, including 29 (24.8%) moderate and 42 (35.9%) severe deterioration. Postoperatively, 48 patients (41.0%) showed aggravation or no recovery of separate renal function. Of the 46 patients with normal separate function, only 9 patients (19.5%) showed postoperative aggravation. Patients with moderate and severe deterioration showed aggravation (n = 7, 24.1%) or no recovery of separate renal function (n = 32, 76.1%, P < 0.001). Preoperative severe deterioration of separate renal function was an independent significant predictor for the postoperative deterioration of renal function (OR: 9.09, 95% CI: 4.007–20.624, P < 0.001). Lower preoperative deterioration of separate renal function showed a high probability of functional recovery. Therefore, it is hypothesized that early intervention might be necessary in cases where the patient exhibits severe aggravation of renal function.

Original languageEnglish
Article number3610
Pages (from-to)3610
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 5 Mar 2019

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