Changes in kidney function according to ischemia type during partial nephrectomy for T1a kidney cancer

Junghoon Lee, Young Cheol Hwang, Sangjun Yoo, Min Soo Choo, Min Chul Cho, Hwancheol Son, Hyeon Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

To compare the postoperative estimated-glomerular-filtration-rate (eGFR) and parenchymal changes between cold ischemia and zero/selective ischemia for a T1a mass. We analyzed 104 patients who underwent open partial nephrectomy with cold ischemia (53) or zero/selective ischemia (51) for T1a between 2008 and 2018 to determine postoperative renal function changes and associated factors. Postoperative renal function was expressed as (postoperative-eGFR − preoperative-eGFR)/preoperative-eGFR × 100%. Parenchymal enhancement and thicknesses of the ipsilateral kidney as tissue changes were measured on postoperative CT to identify the correlation with the renal function change. Patients with 10% or 25% decrease in eGFR were significantly more in the cold ischemia group (p = 0.032, p = 0.006). On multivariable analysis, preoperative eGFR, ischemic type, and percent change of parenchymal thickness were identified to be significantly associated with postoperative 12 months renal function (B = − 0.367, p = 0.020; B = 6.788, p = 0.042; B = 0.797, p = 0.029). Change in parenchymal thickness was negatively correlated with changes in postoperative renal function (r = − 0.277, p = 0.012). Changes in eGFR were associated with a decrease in parenchymal thickness and the type of ischemic technique. Zero/selective ischemia during partial nephrectomy may have an advantage in preserving postoperative renal function compared to cold ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number4223
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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