Objective: To reveal the changes of centrotemporal spikes that occur during the disease course of self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes (SLECTS). Method: We retrospectively reviewed the serial EEGs of 63 patients with SLECTS from initial diagnosis to remission. There were 32 patients who did not undergo treatment and 31 patients who underwent treatment with oxcarbazepine (OXC). The change of occurrence or abundance, voltage, and location of centrotemporal spikes of serial EEGs were analyzed and compared between the two groups. Clinical seizure evidenced and reported was counted. The time gap between seizure remission and EEG remission was measured in the two groups. Result: Changes of occurrence or abundance of the centrotemporal spikes were either abrupt (sudden disappearance of the frequent spikes on following EEG) or gradual (decline in number over 2 or more serial EEGs). Pattern of spike disappearance was not significantly different between the medication naïve group and OXC treated group. The spike voltage or the location of centrotemporal spikes did not change during the disease course in most cases. Delay between seizure remission and EEG normalization was 3.34 ± 1.75 (mean ± standard deviation, range: 0.77–7.97) years in untreated patients and 3.03 ± 1.41 (0.95–6.61) years in OXC-treated group. Conclusion: Pattern of spike disappearance in SLECTS was either abrupt or gradual. Treatment with OXC had no effect in the disappearance pattern. Precise data regarding the pattern of disappearance and delay between seizure remission and EEG normalization can help to understand the evolution of spike in SLECTS and to predict the timing of normalization of EEG after seizure remission.
- Natural course
- Self-limited epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes