We investigated a multicenter registry to identify estimated event rates according to CHA2DS2-VASc scores in patients with acute ischemic stroke (AIS) and atrial fibrillation (AF). The additional effectiveness of antiplatelets (APs) plus oral anticoagulants (OACs) compared with OACs alone considering the CHA2DS2-VASc scores was also explored. This study retrospectively analyzed a multicenter stroke registry between Jan 2011 and Nov 2017, identifying patients with acute ischemic stroke with AF. The primary outcome event was a composite of recurrent stroke, myocardial infarction, and all-cause mortality within 1 year. A total of 7395 patients (age, 73 ± 10 years; men, 54.2%) were analyzed. The primary outcome events at one year ranged from 5.99% (95% CI 3.21–8.77) for a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 0 points to 30.45% (95% CI 24.93–35.97) for 7 or more points. After adjustments for covariates, 1-point increases in the CHA2DS2-VASc score consistently increased the risk of primary outcome events (aHR 1.10 [1.06–1.15]) at 1-year. Among OAC-treated patients at discharge (n = 5500), those treated with OAC + AP (vs. OAC alone) were more likely to experience vascular events, though among patients with a CHA2DS2-VASc score of 5 or higher, the risk of primary outcome in the OAC + AP group was comparable to that in the OAC alone group (Pint = 0.01). Our study found that there were significant associations of increasing CHA2DS2-VASc scores with the increasing risk of vascular events at 1-year in AIS with AF. Further study would be warranted.