Caudal analgesia reduces the sevoflurane requirement for LMA removal in anesthetized children

Joon Sik Kim, Wyun Kon Park, Min Huiy Lee, Kyu Hyun Hwang, Heesoo Kim, Jeong Rim Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: An anesthetic state can reduce adverse airway reaction during laryngeal mask airway (LMA) removal in children. However, the anesthetic state has risks of upper airway obstruction or delayed emergence; so possibly less anesthetic depth is advisable. Caudal analgesia reduces the requirement of anesthetic agents for sedation or anesthesia; it is expected to reduce the sevoflurane requirement for LMA removal. Therefore, we determined the EC 50 of sevoflurane for LMA removal with caudal analgesia and compared that to the EC50 without caudal analgesia. Methods: Forty-three unpremedicated children aged 1 to 6 yr were enrolled. They were allocated to receive or not to receive caudal block according to their parents' consent. General anesthesia were induced and maintained with sevoflurane and oxygen in air. EC50 of sevoflurane for a smooth LMA removal with and without caudal analgesia were estimated by the Dixon up-and-down method. The LMA was removed when predetermined end-tidal sevoflurane concentration was achieved, and the sevoflurane concentration of a subsequent patient was determined by the success or failure of the previous patient with 0.2% as the step size; success was defined by the absence of an adverse airway reaction during and after LMA removal. EC50 of sevoflurane with caudal block, and that without caudal block, were compared by a rank-sum test. Results: The EC50 of sevoflurane to achieve successful LMA removal in children with caudal block was 1.47%; 1.81% without caudal block. The EC50 were significantly different between the two groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Caudal analgesia significantly reduced the sevoflurane concentration for a smooth LMA removal in anesthetized children.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)527-531
Number of pages5
JournalKorean journal of anesthesiology
Volume58
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jun 2010

Fingerprint

Laryngeal Masks
Analgesia
Anesthetics
sevoflurane
Airway Obstruction
Nonparametric Statistics
General Anesthesia
Anesthesia
Parents
Air
Oxygen

Keywords

  • Caudal analgesia
  • Laryngeal mask airway
  • Sevoflurane

Cite this

Kim, Joon Sik ; Park, Wyun Kon ; Lee, Min Huiy ; Hwang, Kyu Hyun ; Kim, Heesoo ; Lee, Jeong Rim. / Caudal analgesia reduces the sevoflurane requirement for LMA removal in anesthetized children. In: Korean journal of anesthesiology. 2010 ; Vol. 58, No. 6. pp. 527-531.
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abstract = "Background: An anesthetic state can reduce adverse airway reaction during laryngeal mask airway (LMA) removal in children. However, the anesthetic state has risks of upper airway obstruction or delayed emergence; so possibly less anesthetic depth is advisable. Caudal analgesia reduces the requirement of anesthetic agents for sedation or anesthesia; it is expected to reduce the sevoflurane requirement for LMA removal. Therefore, we determined the EC 50 of sevoflurane for LMA removal with caudal analgesia and compared that to the EC50 without caudal analgesia. Methods: Forty-three unpremedicated children aged 1 to 6 yr were enrolled. They were allocated to receive or not to receive caudal block according to their parents' consent. General anesthesia were induced and maintained with sevoflurane and oxygen in air. EC50 of sevoflurane for a smooth LMA removal with and without caudal analgesia were estimated by the Dixon up-and-down method. The LMA was removed when predetermined end-tidal sevoflurane concentration was achieved, and the sevoflurane concentration of a subsequent patient was determined by the success or failure of the previous patient with 0.2{\%} as the step size; success was defined by the absence of an adverse airway reaction during and after LMA removal. EC50 of sevoflurane with caudal block, and that without caudal block, were compared by a rank-sum test. Results: The EC50 of sevoflurane to achieve successful LMA removal in children with caudal block was 1.47{\%}; 1.81{\%} without caudal block. The EC50 were significantly different between the two groups (P < 0.001). Conclusions: Caudal analgesia significantly reduced the sevoflurane concentration for a smooth LMA removal in anesthetized children.",
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Caudal analgesia reduces the sevoflurane requirement for LMA removal in anesthetized children. / Kim, Joon Sik; Park, Wyun Kon; Lee, Min Huiy; Hwang, Kyu Hyun; Kim, Heesoo; Lee, Jeong Rim.

In: Korean journal of anesthesiology, Vol. 58, No. 6, 01.06.2010, p. 527-531.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Park, Wyun Kon

AU - Lee, Min Huiy

AU - Hwang, Kyu Hyun

AU - Kim, Heesoo

AU - Lee, Jeong Rim

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KW - Laryngeal mask airway

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