Cancer epidemiology and control in North-East Asia - Past, present and future

Ne Long, Malcolm Moore, Wanqing Chen, Gao Chao-Ming, Mei Shu Lai, Tetsuya Mizoue, Dondov Oyunchimeg, Sohee Park, Hai Rim Shin, Kazuo Tajima, Keun Young Yoo, Tomotaka Sobue

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

67 Scopus citations

Abstract

China, Mongolia, Korea and Japan constitute North-East Asia. For reasons of largely shared ethnicity and culture, with various degress of mixed Chinese and Altaic elements, as well as geographical contiguity, they can be usefully grouped together for studies of chronic disease prevalence and particularly cancer. The fact of problems shared in common, with increasing disease rates, underlines the necessity for a coordinated approach to research and development of control measures. To provide a knowledge base, the present review of cancer registration and epidemiology data was conducted. The most frequent cancers in males of North-East Asia are in the lung, liver and stomach, with considerable geographical and temporal variation in their respective prevalences. However, colorectal cancer is also of increasing importance. In females the breast, together with the lung in China, the liver in Mongolia and the stomach in Korea and Japan, are most frequent. Variation in risk factors depends to a large extent on the local level of economic development but overall the countries of the region face similar challenges in achieving effective cancer control.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-148
Number of pages42
JournalAsian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
Volume11
Issue numberSUPPL.2
StatePublished - 2010

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