Objectives: To determine the correlation between iodine concentrations derived from dual-energy CT (DECT) and perfusion CT (PCT) parameters in patients with pathologically proven colorectal cancers (CRC) and to evaluate their reproducibility and respective radiation exposures. Methods: Institutional review board approval and written informed consents were obtained for this study. Forty-one patients with CRCs who underwent same-day DECT and PCT were prospectively enrolled. Three radiologists independently analyzed the iodine concentration of the tumors and iodine ratios [ratio of lesion to aorta (IRa) or to infrarenal IVC (IRv)] from DECT as well as blood flow (BF), blood volume (BV), permeability (PMB), and mean transit time (MTT) from PCT. Pearson R and linear correlation, paired t-test, and intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) were used. Results: Significant correlations were found between iodine parameters from DECT and PCT parameters: iodine concentration of tumors and BV (r = 0.32, p = 0.04), PMB (r = 0.34, p = 0.03), and MTT (r = -0.38, p = 0.02); iodine ratio (IRa) and MTT (r = -0.32, p = 0.04); iodine ratio (IRv) and BF (r = 0.32, p = 0.04) and PMB (r = 0.44, p = <0.01). DECT showed better intra- and interobserver agreements (ICC = 0.98, 0.90 in iodine concentration; 0.98, 0.91 in IRa; and 0.91, 0.93 in IRv, respectively) than PCT (ICC = 0.90, 0.78 in BF; 0.82, 0.76 in BV; 0.75, 0.75 in PMB; 0.64, 0.79 in MTT, respectively). As for radiation dosage, CTDIvol and DLP in DECT (10.48 ± 1.84 mGy and 519.7 ± 116.7 mGy·cm) were significantly lower than those of PCT (75.76 mGy and 911 mGy·cm) (p < 0.01). Conclusion: Iodine parameters from DECT are significantly correlated with PCT parameters, but have higher intra- and interobserver agreements and lower radiation exposure. Key Points: • Quantitative iodine concentrations from DECT are significantly correlated with perfusion CT parameters. • Intra- and interobserver agreements of DECT are better than those of perfusion CT. • Effective radiation doses of DECT are significantly lower than those of perfusion CT. • DECT can be used as an alternative to perfusion CT with lower radiation doses.
- Colorectal neoplasms
- Multidetector computed tomography