Can chemoradiation allow for omission of lateral pelvic node dissection for locally advanced rectal cancer?

Min Ju Kim, Tae Hyun Kim, Dae Yong Kim, Sun Young Kim, Ji Yeon Baek, Hee Jin Chang, Sung Chan Park, Ji Won Park, Jae Hwan Oh

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41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: Weevaluated the relationship between pretreatment clinical parameters and lateral pelvic node (LPN) recurrence in patients with rectal cancer treated with a combination of curative resection and chemoradiotherapy (CRT) and attempted to identify the patients who might benefit from LPN dissection. Methods: This study involved 900 patients between June 2001 and June 2009. Pretreatment clinical parameters including radiological size of LPN were analyzed to identify risk factors associated with long-term outcomes. Results: Locoregional recurrence developed in 65 patients (7.2%); 42 (64.6%) had LPN recurrence, 20 (47.6%) of which had no distant metastasis. Multivariate analysis showed that LPN short-axis diameter (< 5, 5-< 10, and ≥ 10 mm) was significantly associated with LPN recurrence-free survival (5-year survival rate (5YSR), 98.2, 91.7, and 40.1%, respectively, P< 0.05), locoregional recurrence-free survival (5YSR, 95.5, 87.6, and 40.1%, respectively, P< 0.05), relapse-free survival (5YSR, 76.8, 72.5, and 30.3, respectively, P< 0.05), and overall survival (5YSR, 86.3, 83.0, and 57.5%, respectively, P< 0.05). Conclusions: Patients with an LPN short-axis diameter ≥ 10mm represent a potential subgroup at a high risk of LPN recurrence, even after CRT. Further study is needed to confirm whether LPN dissection is beneficial for these patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)459-464
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Surgical Oncology
Volume111
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Mar 2015

Keywords

  • Chemoradiotherapy
  • Lateral pelvic node
  • Locoregional recurrence
  • Rectal cancer

Cite this

Kim, M. J., Kim, T. H., Kim, D. Y., Kim, S. Y., Baek, J. Y., Chang, H. J., Park, S. C., Park, J. W., & Oh, J. H. (2015). Can chemoradiation allow for omission of lateral pelvic node dissection for locally advanced rectal cancer? Journal of Surgical Oncology, 111(4), 459-464. https://doi.org/10.1002/jso.23852