Behavioral and healthcare-associated risk factors for chronic hepatitis c virus infection in Korea

Jong Yeop Kim, Juhee Cho, Sung Ho Hwang, Ho Kil, Si Hyun Bae, Young Seok Kim, Han Chu Lee, Sook Hyang Jeong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The risk factors related to hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection showed geographic and temporal differences. We investigated HCV-related risk factors in Korea where intravenous drug use (IVDU) is uncommon. The HCV-related risk factors were investigated in a prospective, multicenter chronic HCV cohort (n = 711) using a standardized questionnaire in four university hospitals. The results were compared with those of 206 patients with chronic liver diseases not related to either of HCV or hepatitis B virus infection (comparison group). The IVDU was found in 3.9% and remote blood transfusion ( ≥ 20 yr ago) in 18.3% in HCV cohort group, while that in comparison group was in none and 5.3%, respectively. In a multivariate logistic analysis, transfusion in the remote past (odds ratio [OR], 2.99), needle stick injury (OR, 4.72), surgery (OR, 1.89), dental procedures (OR, 2.96), tattooing (OR, 2.07), and multiple sexual partners (2-3 persons; OR, 2.14, ≥ 4 persons; OR, 3.19), were independent risk factors for HCV infection. In conclusion, the major risk factors for HCV infection in Korea are mostly related to conventional or alterative healthcare procedures such as blood transfusion in the remote past, needle stick injury, surgery, dental procedure, and tattooing although multiple sex partners or IVDU plays a minor role.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1371-1377
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Korean Medical Science
Volume27
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Dec 2012

Fingerprint

Hepatitis Viruses
Virus Diseases
Chronic Hepatitis
Korea
Hepacivirus
Delivery of Health Care
Odds Ratio
Sexual Partners
Tattooing
Needlestick Injuries
Blood Transfusion
Tooth
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Chronic Hepatitis C
Hepatitis B virus
Liver Diseases
Chronic Disease
Multivariate Analysis

Keywords

  • Epidemiology
  • Hepatitis C virus
  • Risk assessment
  • Transmission

Cite this

Kim, Jong Yeop ; Cho, Juhee ; Hwang, Sung Ho ; Kil, Ho ; Bae, Si Hyun ; Kim, Young Seok ; Lee, Han Chu ; Jeong, Sook Hyang. / Behavioral and healthcare-associated risk factors for chronic hepatitis c virus infection in Korea. In: Journal of Korean Medical Science. 2012 ; Vol. 27, No. 11. pp. 1371-1377.
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Behavioral and healthcare-associated risk factors for chronic hepatitis c virus infection in Korea. / Kim, Jong Yeop; Cho, Juhee; Hwang, Sung Ho; Kil, Ho; Bae, Si Hyun; Kim, Young Seok; Lee, Han Chu; Jeong, Sook Hyang.

In: Journal of Korean Medical Science, Vol. 27, No. 11, 01.12.2012, p. 1371-1377.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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