Basal cell carcinoma of the scalp shows distinct features from the face in Asians

Minsu Kim, Jee Woo Kim, Jung Won Shin, Jung Im Na, Chang Hun Huh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Basal cell carcinoma (BCC) affecting different sites has been reported to have different clinicopathological features. In previous studies, the scalp was commonly classified to the head and neck region. However, the scalp has distinct characteristics from those of other parts of the skin. We retrospectively reviewed the medical records of patients who underwent surgical treatment for BCC. A total of 734 lesions were examined, and 13.2% originated from the scalp. The nodular type was the most common histologic subtype; however, the proportion of the superficial type was significantly higher than that of facial BCC (p < 0.001). Compared with facial BCC, younger age (p = 0.046) and larger tumor size (p < 0.001) were observed in scalp BCC. These characteristics were similar to those of truncal BCC in that they demonstrated a higher proportion of the superficial type (p < 0.001), younger age (p = 0.001), and larger tumor diameter (p < 0.001) compared with BCC in the head and neck region. Scalp BCC and truncal BCC were not significantly different in terms of age (p = 0.052) and tumor size (p = 0.230). In conclusion, despite the anatomical proximity, features of scalp BCC were similar to those of truncal lesions compared with facial lesions. Scalp BCC might be a separate entity from facial BCC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number10183
JournalScientific Reports
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022
Externally publishedYes

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