Background: Adverse drug events (ADEs) resulting from medication error are some of the most common causes of iatrogenic injuries in hospitals. With the appropriate use of medication, ADEs can be prevented and ameliorated. Efforts to reduce medication errors and prevent ADEs have been made by implementing a medication decision support system (MDSS) in electronic health records (EHRs). However, physicians tend to override most MDSS alerts. Objective: In order to improve MDSS functionality, we must understand what factors users consider essential for the successful implementation of an MDSS into their clinical setting. This study followed the implementation process for an MDSS within a comprehensive EHR system and analyzed the relevant barriers and facilitators. Methods: A mixed research methodology was adopted. Data from a structured survey and 15 in-depth interviews were integrated. Structural equation modeling was conducted for quantitative analysis of factors related to user adoption of MDSS. Qualitative analysis based on semistructured interviews with physicians was conducted to collect various opinions on MDSS implementation. Results: Quantitative analysis revealed that physicians' expectations regarding ease of use and performance improvement are crucial. Qualitative analysis identified four significant barriers to MDSS implementation: alert fatigue, lack of accuracy, poor user interface design, and lack of customizability. Conclusions: This study revealed barriers and facilitators to the implementation of MDSS. The findings can be applied to upgrade MDSS in the future.
- Clinical decision support system
- Computerized Provider Order Entry (CPOE)
- Electronic health record
- Medication safety