Avoiding tachycardia alteration or termination during attempted entrainment mapping of atrial tachycardia related to atrial fibrillation ablation

Chirag R. Barbhaiya, Saurabh Kumar, Justin Ng, Koichi Nagashima, Eue Keun Choi, Alan Enriquez, Jason Chinitz, Laurence M. Epstein, Usha B. Tedrow, Roy M. John, William G. Stevenson, Gregory F. Michaud

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Entrainment can be useful for mapping atrial tachycardias (ATs) after atrial fibrillation (AF) ablation but may result in AT alteration or termination. OBJECTIVE: We aimed to determine the incidence and risk factors for AT alteration or termination. METHODS: In 30 consecutive patients, 62 ATs (mean cycle length [CL] 268 ± 53 ms) in which overdrive pacing for entrainment mapping was performed were retrospectively analyzed. AT was classified as altered if the CL or activation pattern remained altered 10 seconds after pacing. The variability in the PP intervals was determined over 10 beats from 2 measures: (1) the difference between the shortest and the longest CL expressed as a percentage of the CL and (2) the mean difference between sequential PP intervals expressed as a percentage of the AT CL (CLDmean). RESULTS: Of 386 total pacing attempts (tachycardia CL [TCL] - pacing CL [PCL] difference 15 ± 6 ms), 5 (1.3%) altered or terminated AT and 381 did not change AT (98.7%). When the TCL - PCL difference was ≤20 ms, only 2 of 353 (0.5%) attempts altered or terminated AT.When the TCL - PCL difference was >20 ms, 3 of 33 (9%) attempts altered or terminated AT. The difference between the shortest and the longest CL expressed as a percentage of the CL was significantly greater in ATs that were altered or terminated by pacing than in those unchanged (11.0% ± 9.6% vs 4.5% ± 4.5%; P = .007), but the mean difference between sequential PP intervals expressed as a percentage of the AT CL was not significantly different (3.8% ± 2.6% vs 1.9% ± 2.1%; P = .06). CONCLUSION: Overdrive pacing for entrainment mapping rarely alters or terminates after atrial fibrillation AT, provided that AT is stable before pacing and that the PCL is ≤20 ms shorter than the AT CL.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)32-35
Number of pages4
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Jan 2015

Keywords

  • Atrial fibrillation
  • Atrial tachycardia
  • Catheter ablation
  • Entrainment
  • Mapping
  • Overdrive pacing

Cite this

Barbhaiya, C. R., Kumar, S., Ng, J., Nagashima, K., Choi, E. K., Enriquez, A., Chinitz, J., Epstein, L. M., Tedrow, U. B., John, R. M., Stevenson, W. G., & Michaud, G. F. (2015). Avoiding tachycardia alteration or termination during attempted entrainment mapping of atrial tachycardia related to atrial fibrillation ablation. Heart Rhythm, 12(1), 32-35. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.hrthm.2014.09.002