Associations among dietary seaweed intake, c-MYC rs6983267 polymorphism, and risk of colorectal cancer in a Korean population: a case–control study

Jimi Kim, Jeonghee Lee, Jae Hwan Oh, Hee Jin Chang, Dae Kyung Sohn, Aesun Shin, Jeongseon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Purpose: The effects of seaweed compounds have been studied in relation to colorectal cancer (CRC) based on their ability to modulate carcinogen metabolism in vivo and in vitro. However, no epidemiological studies on the interaction between edible seaweed and genetic variants relevant to CRC have been reported. This study examined the associations among dietary seaweed intake (gim, miyeok, and dashima), single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs; rs6983267, rs7014346, and rs719725), and CRC risk in a Korean population. Methods: The participants comprised 923 CRC patients and 1846 controls who visited the National Cancer Center Korea. We used a Semiquantitative Food Frequency Questionnaire and genotyped SNPs using genomic DNA samples. Results: The intake of total seaweed, miyeok, and dashima showed a significant inverse association with CRC risk after adjusting for potential confounding factors (total seaweed odds ratio (OR) [95% CI] = 0.65 [0.50–0.85], P for trend < 0.001; miyeok = 0.82 [0.62–1.09], P for trend < 0.05; dashima = 0.58 [0.44–0.76], P for trend < 0.001, highest vs. lowest tertile). We confirmed that the homozygous T/T allele of rs6983267 c-MYC indicated an interaction between dietary seaweed intake and both overall CRC and rectal cancer (CRC OR [95% CI] = 0.52 [0.34–0.81], P for interaction = 0.015; rectal cancer = 0.45 [0.25–0.79], P for interaction = 0.007, T/T carriers with high total seaweed intake vs. T/T carriers with low total seaweed intake). Conclusions: This study provides evidence of the effect of dietary seaweed intake on CRC risk with respect to c-MYC gene variants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1963-1974
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Aug 2020

Keywords

  • Colorectal cancer
  • Genetic polymorphism
  • Seaweed
  • c-MYC rs6983267

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