Association of frequent intake of fast foods, energy drinks, or convenience food with atopic dermatitis in adolescents

Soo Ick Cho, Hanjae Lee, Dong Hun Lee, Kyu Han Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Purpose: Specific food consumption, besides food allergy, may aggravate atopic dermatitis (AD). However, previous reports on the association between AD and food intake in adolescents are scarce. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between AD and specific food consumption frequency in adolescents. Methods: A cross-sectional analysis using data from the Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey 2017 was performed. The frequency of food consumption in the recent-diagnosed AD group (AD diagnosed within 12 months) compared to those in the previous-diagnosed AD (AD diagnosed more than 12 months ago) or control group were investigated. Results: A total of 53,373 participants were eligible for this study. The weighted prevalence of the recent-diagnosed AD and the previous-diagnosed AD was 7.39% and 18.00%, respectively. When compared with subjects with the previous-diagnosed AD, those with the recent-diagnosed AD were significantly more likely to frequently consume fast foods (odds ratio OR 1.405; 95% CI 1.150–1.717), energy drinks (OR 1.457; 95% CI 1.175–1.807), or convenience food (OR 1.304; 95% CI 1.138–1.495). Patients of the recent-diagnosed AD were significantly more likely to frequently consume fast foods (OR 1.374; 95% CI 1.155–1.634) than the control group. The differences in the frequency of specific food consumption among groups were more pronounced in high school students than in middle school students. Conclusions: Frequent intake of fast foods, energy drinks, and convenience food was related to the recent-diagnosed AD in adolescents. Prospective cohort and interventional studies are needed to identify causal relationships.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3171-3182
Number of pages12
JournalEuropean Journal of Nutrition
Volume59
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - 1 Oct 2020

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Atopic dermatitis
  • Convenience food
  • Energy drink
  • Fast food
  • Food

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