The prognostic value of low vitamin C levels has not been well investigated in patients with septic shock. We aimed to evaluate the association of vitamin C deficiency with mortality in patients with septic shock. We conducted a retrospective analysis of 165 patients with septic shock from a prospective multicenter trial and institutional sepsis registry between April 2018 and January 2020. The primary outcome was 28-day mortality. The patients were categorized into vitamin C deficiency and normal groups based on a vitamin C cutoff level of 11.4 mmol/L. Multivariable Cox regression analysis was performed to examine the association between vitamin C levels and 28-day mortality. A total of 165 patients was included for analysis and 77 (46.7%) had vitamin C deficiency. There was no significant difference in the 28-day mortality rate between the vitamin C deficiency group and the normal group (23.4% (n = 18/77) vs. 13.6% (n = 12/88), p = 0.083). Multivariable Cox proportional hazard analysis showed vitamin C deficiency to be associated with increased risk of 28-day mortality (adjusted hazard ratio, 2.65, 95% confidence interval (CI), 1.08–6.45; p = 0.032). Initial vitamin C deficiency was associated with a higher risk of 28-day mortality in patients with septic shock after adjusting for intravenous administration of vitamin C and thiamine, baseline characteristics, laboratory findings, and severity of illness.
- ascorbic acid
- septic shock