Association between oxygen saturation level during bronchoscopy and post-bronchoscopy adverse events: a retrospective cohort study

So Yeon Kim, Hyo Jin Lee, Jung Kyu Lee, Tae Yeon Park, Eun Young Heo, Deog Kyeom Kim, Hee Soon Chung, Hyun Woo Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Flexible bronchoscopy is widely used to diagnose and treat various respiratory diseases. However, caution is warranted for post-bronchoscopy adverse events. Although desaturation frequently occurs during bronchoscopy, its clinical impact and the optimal oxygen saturation level during the procedure remain unclear. This study aimed to investigate whether the percutaneous oxygen saturation (SpO2) level during bronchoscopy is associated with the development of post-bronchoscopy respiratory adverse events. Methods: In this single-center retrospective cohort study conducted from March 2020 to February 2021, 569 patients were classified into high or low oxygen saturation groups based on the SpO2 level during bronchoscopy. The primary outcome was post-bronchoscopy respiratory adverse events, and secondary outcomes were other post-bronchoscopy adverse events and clinical outcomes. Results: Among 569 patients, 458 and 111 patients were classified into the high oxygen saturation (SpO2 > 96%) and low oxygen saturation (SpO2 ≤ 94%) groups, respectively. After propensity score matching, the low oxygen saturation group had more post-bronchoscopy respiratory and febrile adverse events than the high oxygen saturation group. In the multivariable regression analysis, low SpO2 level during bronchoscopy was an independent risk factor for post-bronchoscopy respiratory adverse events (odds ratio = 3.16 [95% confidence interval 1.37–7.30]). In the low oxygen saturation group, the high-risk subgroups for post-bronchoscopy respiratory adverse events were the elderly, women, current smokers, and patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease or acute decompensated heart failure before bronchoscopy. There was no significant difference in the length of hospital stay, intensive care unit admission, or mortality between the high and low oxygen saturation groups. Conclusions: Close monitoring is recommended for patients with SpO2 ≤ 94% during bronchoscopy due to the increased risk of respiratory adverse events after the procedure.

Original languageEnglish
Article number144
JournalRespiratory Research
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • Bronchoscopy
  • Complications
  • Oxygen saturation
  • Safety

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